語言取之於生活,當然也用之於生活。文學、戲劇與電影可說是匯集了不管是雅俗文化、生活的體現,我們可以透過電影去瞭解歐美國家的普遍價值觀,因為影片中呈現的,是現實生活的一部分。我們經由這個管道去理解他們在想什麼、去窺探他們的生活是什麼模樣。

 

好的、經典的電影中常常出現值得細細品味的台詞,這些台詞中包含了各個面向,也經常能代表人生裡遇見的不同狀況的應對智慧,並且同樣的適用在不管是託福或是雅思等學術性英語能力測驗中。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  •     重點一 : 一定要理解句子的意涵

 

 

好的引用必須全方位的理解句子的表裡含意,並且不能有意思上的偏頗,也不能只單看句子的表面意義,考生如果想要引用一句經典名言或是這裡說的,一句電影台詞的話,那麼先去理解這句話的出處與背景是相當重要的。

 

例如: Go ahead, make my day.

這句話字面上的意思是「放手一搏,讓我樂一樂」,但是考生如果只看句子的表面而不去理解它的言外之意的話,很有可能會誤用這句話。

 

因為這句話源自Clint Eastwood在1983年的《Sudden Impact》(中譯名《撥雲見日》)。電影中,劫匪去搶劫一家餐館,然後不幸被Eastwood都消滅了,就剩下一個用槍指著被挾為人質的女服務員的頭,作勢欲開槍。Eastwood則用手槍對準劫匪…接著Eastwood就說了這句經典的電影台詞。

 

所以根據電影中的情境,這句話的言外之意是:「有種你就開槍,正好我缺一個幹掉你的理由!」

 

可想而知這句話在學術寫作中相當不適合出現,考生在引用任何句子之前一定要確定自己瞭解該句的涵義,才不會賠了夫人又折兵!

 

 

 

  •      重點二 : 引用句子的好處有哪些?

 

回想起過去寫作文,尤其是論說文的經驗,老師都會教導我們引用前人的話來加強或作為支持自己論點的佐證,而在英文作文引用句子對我們有什麼好處呢?

 

1. 增加字數—這點應該很好理解。

 

2. 當作轉折、開頭—尤其運用得宜的話,既可以增加自字數又能切合主題,能順利的引出接下來的話題。

 

3. 充分展現豐富的辭彙掌握度—沒有比電影中的句子更能貼近歐美文化圈的生活了,而往往,而這些句子裡也常充滿了到第片語、俚語等,如果出現在作文裡絕對會讓考官眼前一亮

 

 

以中文的作文舉例,

題目問「你的夢想是什麼」,考生如果回答:

 

我的夢想是騎腳踏車環島一周,因為我怕以後會後悔。

 

 

 

我的夢想是騎腳踏車環島一周,「有些事現在不去做,一輩子不會做了」–《練習曲》,我不想讓自己的青春留白。

 

 

以這兩句來說,明顯後面的那一句力道更重,加重了自己的決心。

同樣的這句話還可以用在—

 

 

有些事現在不去做,一輩子不會做了」,就算我已經三十歲了,但是我認為為了達成夢想而放棄現在的職位、成就去英國求學是值得的!

 

 

以上的例子給大家參考一下,引入句子能將你文章所想表達的目的強調得更清楚,適當的運用也可以當成一個段落的開頭,或是作為最後結論。

 

那麼已經跟大家分析介紹了引用句子的利與弊,下面就讓作者介紹我所列出來的,經由精心挑選過後適合用在學術性英文考試的句子吧!

 

 

 

  •     15個一定要知道的電影金句!

 

 

1、life was like a box a chocolates, never know what you’re gonna get.
生活就像一盒巧克力:你永遠不知道你會得到什麼。

- Forrest Gump《阿甘正傳》,1994

 

->著名電影《阿甘正傳》裡的經典台詞,幾乎是人人都知道的名言了,它的引申含意是生活是無常的,處處充滿的驚奇。在考試中如果想引用的話,可以運用在題目談及夢想、目標、過去的某項創舉時,

 

舉例:

I think life is colorful and never resist trying new things because life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

我認為生活事多采多姿的,永遠別抗拒去嘗試新的事物,因為生活就像一盒巧克力:你永遠不知道你會得到什麼。

 

 

 

2、There’s no place like home.

沒有一個地方可以和家相提並論。

- The Wizard of Oz(《綠野仙蹤》1939)

 

 

舉例:

There are more problems with students’ behavior in many countries. What are the causes and what are your solutions? (出自劍橋考官滿分範文)

 

回答:

Poor student behavior seems to be an increasingly widespread problem and I think modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

 

In many countries, the birth rate is decreasing so that families are smaller with fewer children. These children are often spoilt, not in term of love and attention because working parents do not have time for this, but in more material ways. They are allowed to have whatever they want, regardless of price, and to behave as they please. This means that children grow up without consideration for others and without any understanding of where there standard of living comes from.

 

When they get to school age they have not learnt any self control or discipline. They have less respect for their teachers and refuse to obey school rules in the way that their parent did.  

 

Perhaps parenting classes are needed to help them to do his, in that there’s no place like home. The function of the family is especially important for children, whether in the cultivation of personality, ethics, and social aspects. And high quality nursery schools could be established that would support more in terms of raising the next generation. The government should found this kind of parental support, because this is no longer a problem for individual families, but for society as a whole.

 

翻譯:

 

問題:

在許多國家,學生的行有很多的問題。是什麼原因造成如此,此外你的解決方法是什麼呢?

 

回答:

學生行為不良似乎是一個日益普遍的問題,我認為現代生活方式可能是造成這一問題的原因。

 

在許多國家,出生率正在下降,因此家庭較小,子女較少。這些孩子往往被寵壞了,不是因為愛和關注,因為有工作的父母沒有時間這樣做,而更多是在物質方面。他們被允許擁有他們想要的任何東西,無論價格如何,並且可以隨心所欲。這意味著兒童在成長過程中不考慮他人,也不瞭解生活水準從何而來。

 

當他們到達學齡時,他們沒有學習任何自我控制或紀律。他們比較不尊重老師並拒絕遵守學校規則,不像以前他們的父母親可以做到的那樣。

 

或許家庭教育可以做到這些,因為沒有一個地方和家相提並論。特別對於孩童來說,家庭的功能尤其重要,不管是在培養人格、道德觀或社會性概念。還可以建立高品質的托兒所,在培養下一代方面提供更多的支援。政府應該建立這種對父母的支持,因為這不再是單獨家庭的問題,而是整個社會的問題。  

 

 

 

3、 Oh yes, the past can hurt. But from the way I see it, you can either run from it, or learn from it.

過去的傷痛會留下疤痕。但是妳可以選擇逃避它,或是從中學習。

-lion king獅子王

 

 

舉例:

I understand this country has suffered in the past because of mistake policies. But the past can hurt, and from the way we can either run from it, or learn from it.

我明白這個國家過去曾經因為政策不當而蒙受慘痛的代價,但是過去的傷痛會留下疤痕,我們可以選擇逃避它,或是從中學習。

 

 

 

4、With great power, comes great responsibility.

能力越強,責任越大。

- Spider Man蜘蛛人

 

例句:

Because the people do not use all their strength to resist, it is not an excuse for the government not to solve the problem. With great power, comes great responsibility and the protection of the people is also something the government should do.

因為人民沒有用全部的力量反抗,並不是政府可以拿來推託不去解決問題的藉口,能力越強,責任越大,保護人民也是政府應該做到的事。

 

 

 

5、Life is the sum of all your choices.

人生是你所有選擇的結果。

— Albert Camus, Author亞伯特 · 卡繆 (作家) -The stranger

 

例句:

People should always reflect and think, because life is the sums of all your choices.

人要時常反省跟思考,因為人生是你所有選擇的結果。

 

 

 

6、Life moves pretty fast. If you don’t stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it.

生活節奏很快。如果你不停下來,偶爾看看周圍,你可能會錯過它。

- Ferris Bueller's Day Off蹺課天才

 

例句:

With the rapid development of science and technology, people have lost their happiness because of the busy pace of life. Life moves pretty fast. If you don’t stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it.

隨著科技日新月異,人們因為忙碌的生活節奏而失去了快樂,生活的節奏很快。如果你不停下來,偶爾看看周圍,你可能會錯過它。

 

 

 

7、You can’t live your life for other people. You’ve got to do what’s right for you, even if it hurts some people you love.

你不能為別人而活。你必須為自己做正確的事,即使它傷害了你愛的人。

- The Notebook手札情緣

 

舉例:

Traditional ideas sometimes make constraints, but we can’t live our life for other people. We’ve got to do what’s right for us, even if it hurts some people you love.

傳統觀念有時候會造成制約,但是我們不能為他人而活。我們必須為自己做正確的事,即使這會傷害到你愛的人。

 

 

 

8、We are who we choose to be.

我們的選擇成就了自己。

- Green Goblin, from Spider-Man蜘蛛人

 

例句:

It is also a poor environment, some people become president, and some people become bandits. We are who we choose to be.

同樣是貧窮的生長環境,有的人成為總統,有的人變成強盜。我們的選擇成就了自己。

 

 

 

9、 Don’t let anyone ever make you feel like you don’t deserve what you want.

不要讓任何人讓你覺得你不配得到你想要的。

- Heath Ledger, from 10 Things I Hate About You對面惡女看過來

 

例句:

It is very important to build self-confidence. Don’t let anyone ever make you feel like you don’t deserve what you want.

建立自信心是非常重要的,不要讓任何人讓你覺得你不配得到你想要的。

 

 

 

10、 Great men are not born great, they grow great. – Mario Puzo, from The Godfather

偉人不是天生偉大,而是變得偉大。

- The Godfather教父

 

例句:

A failure does not mean anything. Great men are not born great, they grow great.

一次的失敗不代表什麼,偉人不是天生偉大,而是變得偉大。

 

 

 

11、 Even a good decision if made for the wrong reasons can be a bad decision” -- Governor Swann in Pirates of Caribbean

即使是一個好的決定,如果出於錯誤的原因,也可能是一個錯誤的決策

- Peter Pan 彼得潘

 

舉例:

State policy should be carefully considered, because even a good decision if made for the wrong reasons can be a bad decision.

國家的政策應該經過審慎思考,因為即使是一個好的決定,如果出於錯誤的原因,也可能是一個錯誤的決策。

 

 

 

12、When the Lord closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.

當上帝關了一扇門,祂會在某處打開一面窗。

- Mother Abbess in The Sound of Music, 1965 真善美

 

例句:

Never give up too soon, when the Lord closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.

永遠不要太早放棄,當上帝關了一扇門,祂會在某處打開一面窗。

 

 

 

13、At some point you've got to decide who wanna be. Can't let nobody make that decision for you.

有一天妳得決定自己要成為什麼樣的人,不能讓任何人為妳做這個決定。

-Juan in Moonlight, 2016

 

 

舉例:

Don't spoil too much for children, for one day they will all grow up, at some point they've got to decide who want to be. Can't let anybody make that decision for them.

不能對孩子過於溺愛,因為總有一天他們會決定要成為怎樣的人。不能讓任何人為他們做決定。

 

 

 

14、Some people can’t believe in themselves until someone else believes in them first.

有些人只有在別人先相信自己的時候,才能相信自己。

– Sean Maguire, from Good Will Hunting心靈捕手

 

舉例:

Those who feel inferior to their appearance also have low confidence in themselves. They can’t believe in themselves until someone else believes in them first.

對外貌自卑的人對自己的信心也低。他們只有在別人先相信自己的時候,才能相信自己。”

 

 

 

15、A real loser is someone who’s so afraid of not winning he doesn’t even try.

真正的失敗者就是害怕失敗甚至不去嘗試的人。

-Grandpa, Little Miss Sunshine小太陽的願望

 

 

例題:

Every one believes that it is important to protect the environment however seldom do those them. Why is it important to protect environment by ourselves? What action should we do?

 

答:

    To protect the environment is necessary for anyone lives in it, because the environment means the air we breath、the sunlight we shone、the water we drink and the place we live. All of these are not only influence just ourself, but also our families, even offspring.

 

    When we image about the impression which the environment has contaminated, many people first think of the consequences of giant enterprises, massive factory pollution and wrong environmental policies. It seems like all the blame is on commerce, industry, government, and there's nothing we can do about it. In other word, it's not counted on little nobody, like us.

 

    Because most of us may imagine that the broken environment is like holes in the ozone layer、 melting icebergs in the Arctic and Antarctica、 Greenhouse Effect、 river pollution、 acid rain and so on.  Those are so serious and distant for general citizens that even they can not just offer a hand to improve the environment better by doing something easy.

 

    Nevertheless, like I said at first, defending the surrounding is actually related with every each person. It does not matter what identity we are but truly about our determinations and actions. Though person is small indeed, as long as a lot of people working together, we can change the world.

 

    We can start with our own residence、neighborhood, perhaps not littering, recycling resources, turning off lights to save energy. Or being more ambitious, you can focus on environmental issues and monitor government policies which about the environment, use reusable cutlery, participate in volunteer activities such as clean beaches, reduce packaging waste, take mass transportation more frequently, donate to environmental groups, etc.

 

  A real loser is someone who’s so afraid of not winning he doesn’t even try. We all can do our part to guard the environment just to try, albeit the majority of us are mortals.

 

 

翻譯:

 

題目: 每個人都認為保護環境很重要,然而很少有人這樣做。為什麼我們自己保護環境很重要?我們應該採取什麼行動?

 

回答:

 

    保護環境對任何生活在其中的人來說都是必要的,因為環境意味著我們呼吸的空氣、照射在我們身上的陽光、我們飲用的水和我們生活的地方。所有的這些不僅影響到我們自己,也影響到我們的家人們,甚至後代。

 

    當我們想像環境污染的景象時,許多人首先想到的是大企業、大規模工廠污染和錯誤的環境政策的後果。似乎所有的責任都歸咎於商業、工業、政府,而我們對此無能為力。換句話說,保護環境跟我們這樣的無名小卒沒關係。

 

    因為我們大多數人想像的被破壞的環境是像—臭氧層上破洞、北極和南極融化的冰山、溫室效應、河流污染、酸雨等等。對市井小民來說,這些問題是如此嚴重和遙遠,以至於他們也不可能僅僅通過做一些簡單的事情來幫助改善環境。

 

    然而,正如我在開始時說過的那樣,保護環境實際上與每個人都有關係。我們是什麼身份並不重要,重要的是我們的決心和行動。雖然個人確實微小,但只要有很多人一起努力,我們就能改變世界。

 

    我們可以從自己的住宅、社區開始,也許不亂丟垃圾、做回收資源、隨手關燈以節省能源。或者更加積極一點,你可以關注環境問題,監督政府有關環境的政策,使用可重複使用的餐具,參加志願活動,如清潔海灘,減少包裝垃圾,更頻繁地乘坐公共交通工具,向環保團體捐款等等。

 

    真正的失敗者是那些害怕失敗甚至不去嘗試的人。我們都可以盡自己的一份力量來保護環境,儘管我們大多數人都是平凡人。

 

 

 

 

  •      結語:

 

這些句子可以用在你覺得合適的任何情況,不只是學術作文,連英文口說也能夠應用。上面有兩篇老師示範用句子寫的文章給各位參考,應該如何在學術性的寫作中引用它們,其他則是提供了例句讓各位考生了解。

各位不妨想一想,如果是你自己,會選擇如何使用這些句子呢?

 

其實不只是這些句子,建議考生平常在練習英文的時候,養成隨手記筆記的好習慣,將你看到的文章中的佳句、電影電視劇中的台詞、新聞裡主播或記者說的話,你覺得不錯的話都將他們抄下來,做成一本自己的佳句筆記,這樣非常有利於考生在英語能力上的進步!

 

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