“烤鴨”必讀:托福口語task1常見四題型

 

 

 

第一類task 1的考題,

 

 

   Describe the famous person you admire most. Explain why you admire this person. Include details and examples to support your response. (TOFEL ibt 08.06.22)

 

     這是一個對描述類的考題,我們拿到一個題目後,腦海中應該立刻浮現出最基本的答題框架: topic sentence + supporting ideas. Topic sentence是比較容易想的,甚至是可以虛構的,所以問題就落在supporting ideas的思路上。

 

    描述一個人,最容易的角度便是這個人在的qualities.

 

    如:humorous, open-minded, easy-going, warm-hearted, community-minded, high driven, visionary, knowledgeable

 

    有了這些點之後,我們要想辦法把點變成線,也就是把一個觀點擴充成一到兩個句子。我們可以用描述的方法去講這個觀點同意轉換,

 

    如‘hes a very open-minded person and hes always flexible to changes. 同時我們還可以用舉例的方法來進行擴展,

 

    如 ‘Hes a high-driven guy and he worked so hard on his Toefl test, study almost 24/7.

 

 

   第二類task 1 的考題:

 

   Choose an object you like and explain why it is of special value to you. Please include specific examples and details in your explanation. (TOFEL ibt 08.02.24)

 

    這道題屬於物品題,物品的題目也是一個常考點,但是準備的面比較廣,可能會出成:a type of pet (Longman p.52)a kind of game (Longman p.72)your important gift (Longman p.64)

 

    咱們可以從兩個角度去答題:對物品本身的簡單描述 + 物品的來源或是重要意義

 

    如描述寵物可以: ‘ coz he keeps me company, when I was sad, he was always by my side.

 

    又如描述禮物可以: ‘ The psp was a gift from my Grandpa, it was a credit to my hard work on the SAT test.

 

 

   第三類task1 的考題:

 

  If you could live abroad, where would you go? Explain why you would go there. (Longman p.42)

 

    地方題目也是常考題型,變換方式相對較少,比如有:the city you live (Longman p.31)a city you have always wanted to go (TOFEL ibt 08.02.02)your favorite place when you were a child (TOFEL ibt 08.03.08)等等。地點題的答題思路為:景色,飲食,高雅休閒場所,教育,就業機會。

 

    如果美國,景色可以描述national park, the beauty of nature well preserved, 飲食可以dessert, Ive got a sweet tooth, 高雅休閒場所,可以Broadway, or NBA games

 

    教育可以談美國的大學,就業機會可以談美國的500 fortunes. 再比如如果講蘇州,景色可以gardenswell preserved ancient building, 就業機會可以講講蘇州工業園,SIPprovides a lot of job and internship opportunities for graduates

 

 

  第四類常考的題目是event類:

 

 

   來看一個例題:What is the most memorable event you experienced in your life? Explain why it is memorable. (Longman p.50)

 

    類似的事件題的關鍵形容詞可以換為:embarrassing (Longman p.70) challenging (TOFEL ibt 07.03.03)disappointing (TOFEL ibt 08.03.30)hard (TOFEL ibt 08.06.17)等等。

 

    較難的題可以出成:Describe a time when you needed help from others, how he or she helped you and what was the result? Please include details and examples to support your answer. (TOFEL ibt 07.04.29)

 

    這類題目跟個人親身經歷有關,考場上容易一時沒有思路,也很難去杜撰,所以應在考前多去回憶童年往事,同時嘗試著用英文表達出來,假如實在無法勾起美好的回憶,那就去杜撰吧, 注意是考前練習時杜撰,千萬別到了考場上再去杜撰。

 

   以上四類是托福口語task 1考察頻率最高的四大類,當然還有其他類別的一些考題,如工作職業類(這類主要是關於人生的目標,職業的選擇,工作的興趣等等),學校教育類,new skill you would like to learn (TOFEL ibt 08.01.19),文化樂類,這類題目涉及到文化、藝術、樂等生活中常見的題材。

 

    比如:a book that you want to read again (Longman p.58)an important composition, example: essay, poem, letter (TOFEL ibt 08.05.17)a TV program that you really like to watch (Longman p.54)a type of music you like most (Longman p.56)等等,需要考生在考前花大量的時間去整理思路,只有做到有備無患,在能在考場上胸有成竹,口若懸河。

 

 

 

 

 

口語評分關鍵要對口味,破解托福口語高分

 

寫在前面的話

 

  感謝一個目前考了5次托福的朋友為這個帖子提供了思路,他也幫我驗證了這篇文章的準確性。另外昨天他讓我看了一個帖子後我感覺非常有必要把托福口語考察的方面與各位分享。本文容參考了張涵的《托福口語看這本書就了》   經朋友證實,托福口語評分人為兩個人,每個人評價六道題,之後計算平均分。我們中國學生得不到高分並不是我們口語不好,而是因為我們的答案不對考官和評分者的口味。

 

  托福口語分為2個部分,independent task,也就是常見的口語第一題和第二題(task 1task 2),另外便是Integrated task,也就是常見的口語第三題到第六題,這其中又兩個系列,campus situationtask 3 & task 5)和academic lecturetask 4 & task 6

 

   下面會用具體的列子分析每一道題考察的點,

 

   Task 1 & Task 2 Familiar topic

 

  Task 1 

 

 這道題會給你一個熟悉的話題讓你談談一些經歷和理解。

 

   答題要點

 

  ①拿到這道題建議直接找腦子裏想到的第一個想法,然後細節展開就可以。第一時間想到的就是最好的,不要去權衡優劣。

 

   ②建議用以下的方式Topic SentenceSupporting SentenceExample/details,也就是主題句+原因或者目的+細節的方式答題

 

   ③掌握好時間的控制,主題句+論點句只需1-2句話,要保證至少30-35秒時間在講例子

 

   幾點注意事項

 

  ①任何情況下不要使用範本

 

  ②這道題只一個點就可以,而且能用自己的經歷是最好的。這道題最多只能二個點,第二個點可以在第一點已經完還剩餘10s左右時間。

 

  ③有沒有結尾無所謂不完也並不影響。關鍵是細節要出來。

 

 

  6.8口語小組的Task 1為例

 

  Talk about the most memorable birthday you have ever hadexplain why it is very memorable.

 

   拿到這題首先想一個自己生日的場景,舉出自己的過生日的場景,邀請高中朋友一起,感覺和老朋友reunion很好。

 

   於是我們有了下面的答案

 

     Task 2

 

  這題多半為同意反對某個statement

 

 答題要點

 

  ①一定要選擇一方面,因為這樣更好展開,中立態度不但兩邊都要照顧,同時也無法展開

 

  ②這道題同樣一點就可以了,方式依然是採用Topic SentenceSupporting SentenceExample/details,也就是同意或者不同意+原因+具體例子。

 

  ③考官不會因為你選擇的觀點不一樣而扣分,因此拿到題後腦子裏想到的觀點就是最好的觀點。同時選擇的時候一定要找最好的觀點,也就是容易有話的觀點 

 

  6.8的托福考試Task 2為例

 

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statementTeenage at sixteen are not mature enough to drive a car. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

 

  拿到題首先確定同意或者不同意哪個好,然後結合自己,我選擇不同意,原因是我21拿到license時候仍然有點猛撞,有一次開車手機響了我看了一眼結果差點出車禍。16teenage並不是很自律,很可能被打擾到,這樣非常危險

 

  於是我們有了下面的答案。   

 

 

    對於一二題的建議,只一個點完全足了,一定要個人化,firstlysecondly這種範本化的辭彙最好不要出現。答題建議使用主題句+論據+具體例子的方法。

 

 

  Task 3 & Task 5 - Campus Situation

 

  Task 3

 

  也就是Campus situation,這題是托福口語的第一道綜合口語。也就是先讀材料,然後根據聽力回答。

 

  答題要點

 

  ①讀材料中的三個點

 

  1proposal/plan

 

  2原因/目的1

 

  3原因/目的2

 

 

  ②聽力中的兩個點

 

  1支持或者反對的原因1

 

  2支持或者反對的原因2

 

 

  注意事項

 

  ①想要拿高分一定要用自己的話來轉述或者復述

 

  ②這題開始可以使用firstlysecondly等提示詞

 

  以TPO 15 Task 3為例

 

  Reading Part

 

   University should pave running trails

 

  The university has about three miles of unpaved dirt running trails that pass through the forest near campus. I think there trails should be paved with cement. One reason for paving the trails would be to increase their safety. When it rainsthe dirt turns to mud and becomes very slipperyso the runners who use them can slip and fall. Pavement would solve this problem. Alsopaving would make the trails look nicerwhich would encourage students to use them. Bumps in the trail would be smoothed out and weeds would be paved overmaking the trail more attractive to runners.   Sincerely,   Sally Jacobs

 

  你會聽到以下容:   

 

  拿到這道題首先是找5個點

 

  1Proposalpave the dirt trails

 

  2reason 1make it safer

 

 3reason 2make it nicer and attrack more runners

 

  聽力中的兩個點

 

  1will make it not safe but hurt your bones and joints

 

  2will not attract more runners because student would like to enjoy the nature and get away from campus or city.

 

  記得這題想要拿高分一定要用自己的話,於是我們有了下面的答案  

    The proposal is university should pave the dirt trails with cement because by doing thisuniversity can make the trail less slip and the runners won't be falling. And alsothey are hoping the pavement will make the trails look better and attract more runners.

 

  The man thinks this is a terrible idea. Speaking of the reasonhe thinks that running on hard surface frequently will not make the runners saferbecause being exposed to hard surface will actually lead to injuries and harm to bones or joints. Besidesit won't attract more runners because the pavement will make the trails just like any other sidewalk. Students like to run on the dirt trail since it makes them feel like getting away from cities and running in the nature.   

 

 Task 5

 

  這道題也是campus situation的一道,也是綜合口語中最簡單的一道。主要是聽力材料+作答  

 

 答題要點

 

  ①答題三個點

 

  1聽力材料中男/女遇到的問題

 

  22解決方案

 

  3自己的建議

 

   ②關於問題解決方案和你自己的suggestion建議1

 

1,也就是前面30S後面30 s  

 

 注意事項:

 

  ①平衡好答題時間   ②儘量用自己的  

 

 

 

 

Task 4 & Task 6 - Academic Lecture

 

  Task 4 

 

 Task 4是口語中最難得一道題,因為涉及到一個學術概念,聽力中教授用一個例子明了這個概念。

 

  答題要點: 

 

 ①概念定義,用自己的話明某個概念,技巧:看到諸如“this is known as”,“this is referred to as”,“this is called”,“people call this”,“people refer to this as”等類似表達的時候,此表達的前邊一句話,很可能便是讀中概念的定義句。

 

 ②例子

 

 ③明這個例子和概念的關係,這也是很多同學4題只能拿到Fair的原因,因為少了這句話。

 

 

   注意事項: 

 

 ①概念只需要一句話就可以,用時保證在10-15s  

 

 ②例子只需要summary便可以,不用引用過多細節。適當加入小細節可以展示獲取資訊能力,但是矯枉過正就得不償失了  

 

 ③一定要簡單概括這個例子和概念的關係  

 

 ④如果聽力部分的例子中出現專有名詞(如植物名和動物名),可以用諸如a kind of planta kind of bird之類的短語表達,不會專有名詞不會造成扣分  

 

 ⑤想要口語高分一定要用自己的話來總結概念和例子,同時出例子和概念的關係。

 

  以下這道題為例

 

 

  Perceptual Constancy

 

     How an object affects our senses depends in part on external conditionsand these conditions are always changing. An object viewed from one angle presents a different shape to our eyes than when viewed from another anglesimilarlyas the distance from which we view an object changesthe object will appear larger or smaller. In spite of thiseven as conditions change and we see objects differentlywe still recognize that they remain the same. This is what is known as perceptual constancy. If not for perceptual constancywe might have difficulty recognizing familiar objects if we viewed them in a new and different context.

 

  你會聽到以下聽力容:  

http://bbs.gter.net/forum.php?mod=attachment&aid=MjE4OTkwfGE5MWMwYTAyfDEzNzk1MDgxNzF8MzQ1MjcyMnwxNTk2MDkz] Speaking_Q4.MP3  

 

 從This is what is known as perceptual constancy.我們知道前面一句話就是Perceptual constancy的定義,even as conditions change and we see objects differentlywe still recognize that they remain the same  

 

 例子中教授舉了兩個例子  

 

 1kitchen plate角度不同,一個circle,一個oval  

 

 2)在教室距離不一樣,professor看起來體積不一樣。

 

  最重要的第三步便是來明這個例子如何來支持這個概念的。 

 

 1The first example shows that the shape of the plate changesbut because of the concept of perceptual constancywe dont think we have two plates  

 

 2The second example shows that although the professor seems to have different sizes in the two situationsagainbecause of perceptual constancywe know hes the same person.  

 

 於是我們有了下面的答案:   http://bbs.gter.net/forum.php?mod=attachment&aid=MjE4OTk4fGM3N2M2ZGJhfDEzNzk1MDgxNzF8MzQ1MjcyMnwxNTk2MDkz]Task 4 Sample.mp3

 

  Task 6 - Academic Lecture 

 

  目前托福口語Task 6的幾種考法

 

 1.解決一個問題的兩個方案  

 

 2.一個物體或方法的兩種使用方法  

 

 3.一個過程的兩個步驟  

 

 4.一個原因導致的兩個現象  

 

 5.一個後果生的兩個原因  

 

 6.一個概念的兩種定義  

 

 

 答題要點: 

 

 ①5個點  

 

 1教授在討論的主題

  

 2教授討論的主題的第一個方面

  

 3第一個方面的例子

  

 4教授討論的主題的第二個方面

  

 5第二個方面的例子  

 

 

 ②總結聽力中的例子時候應該抓住最核心的要點  

 

 注意事項: 

 

 ①想獲得高分一定要用自己的話轉述  

 

 ②如果聽力部分的例子中出現專有名詞(如植物名和動物名),可以使用諸如a kind of planta kind of bird之類的短語表達  

 

 下面以TPO 2 Task 6為例  

 聽力容:   http://bbs.gter.net/forum.php?mod=attachment&aid=MjE4OTk5fDRhYzVhY2MzfDEzNzk1MDgxNzF8MzQ1MjcyMnwxNTk2MDkz]Speaking_Q6.MP3  

 

 聽完容後會注意到以下5個點  

 

 1.The professor is discussing two different definitions of money.     

 

  2.A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with.

 

 3.For examplepeople might give a taxi driver coins or billsor even vegetables for a ride.  

 

 4.A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as paymentlegal tender.  

 

 5.For examplea taxi driver must accept coins and billsbut he does not have to accept vegetablesbecause vegetables are not legal tender in the U.S.

 

 

  於是我們有了以下答案

 

   The professor is talking about two different definitions of money. A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with. For examplepeople might give a taxi driver coins or bills for a ride. If they dont have coins or billsthey may even use vegetables as a form of money to purchase the serviceI meanthe ride. A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as paymentin a more formal waylegal tender. For examplea taxi driver must accept coins and bills because they are legal tender in the U.S.howeverhe does not have to accept vegetablesbecause he is not required by the law to do this. 

 

資料來源:寄托天下

圖片來源:cc0

 

 

 

文章標籤
創作者介紹
創作者 Julie 的頭像
Julie

Julie's English Wonderland

Julie 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()